Version 3 (modified by todd.a, 12 years ago)


Conditional Expressions

A conditional expression is an expression that produces a value that can be (conveniently) construed as a boolean true or false value.
These are used directly in if and while flow control statements and the assert statement

Any of following can be used as conditional expressions and produce a boolean true value.

  • non false (bool Type - expression or variable )
  • numeric not 0
  • non zero char
  • not nil
  • blank strings and empty collections are true (non nil) - must check .length for strings and .count for collections for checking non empty.

nilable objects (e.g nilable boolean, nilable int) test true if both non nil and non nil object is 'true' (non false or non zero)


a = 100
gt20 = a > 20

if a          # numeric non zero
    print 'a non zero'
if a > 10     # boolean condition
    print 'greater than 10'
assert gt20   # boolean variable - succeeds true
assert a > 20 # boolean condition same as above

ch = c'x'
if ch
    print 'ch non zero'
assert ch
if not ch # negated condition
    print 'ch is zero'

s as String?  # nillable string unset value 
if s
    print 's not nil'
    if s.length
        print 's not empty'
    print 's is nil'

l = []         # empty list
assert l       # succeeds not nil
assert l.count # fails empty list

ln as List?<of dynamic>  # nillable list - unset
assert ln  # fails: ln not set so nil

nb = a>10 to ? # bool expr cast to nillable bool
assert nb      # succeeds non nil and true
nb = a<5
assert nb      # fails a is >5 so variable is false
nb = nil
assert nb      # also fails variable is nil